Court Marriage Procedure

court marriage registration in delhi court marriage registration in delhi

Court Marriage: Procedure, Fees, Documents, Registration & Certification

In India, a court marriage means a marriage solemnized under the Special Marriage Act, of 1954. A couple belonging to any nationality, caste, or religion can solemnize the court marriage in the presence of a marriage officer and 3 witnesses. In court marriage procedure, the marriage officer performs the marriage without discrimination based on caste, or religion. It is a marriage solemnized according to law. To get the marriage certificate, the bride & the bridegroom can directly submit a court marriage application to the marriage officer. The court marriage can be registered in the office of the marriage officer.

Conditions for Court Marriage:

For a court marriage procedure, the following conditions should be considered:

  • The bride and the bridegroom do not have a living spouse
  • The bridegroom has completed 21 years, and the bride has completed 18 years.
  • The bride and the bridegroom are not within the degrees of a prohibited relationship.

Court marriage procedure: Legal Requirements

For the court marriage procedure, the following requirements should be considered:

  • Each individual must be unmarried.
  • Both partners must be at least 18 years old for approval.
  • In some states, marriage is only permitted between a man and a woman
  • Other states allow same-sex marriages, & marriages of people having the same gender.
  • To enter into a legally binding agreement, both individuals must be mentally sound and mentally capable.
  • To marry, the couple must obtain a marriage licence from a judge or clerk of a district court.
  • The licence is usually only valid for certain days after it is issued. It must be brought back to the clerk's office within days after the marriage ceremony to be recorded.
  • A blood test is required in some states before the couple can obtain a marriage licence.
  • In most of the states in India, a fee is required.
  • Some states require a couple to wait one to six days after obtaining a marriage licence before they can marry.
  • There must be an exchange of vows and promises.

Court marriage procedure: Fees requirements

Commonly, court marriage procedure fees are between Rs. 500 to Rs. 1000. But it is suggested to check the fees while filing the court marriage application form. It may vary from one state to another state.

Court Marriage procedure: Documents requirements

Here is the list of the documents required for the validation of the court marriage procedure by the concerned authority:

  • Age proof: Aadhar Card, Matriculation Certificate, Passport, Driving License, PAN Card, Birth Certificate, Voter I-Card, etc.
  • Address proof: Voter I-card, Aadhar Card, Ration Card, Passport, Driving License, 5 Passport Size Photo both Boy and Girl.
  • Witnesses: Require a total of 2 witnesses from any side any male/female who has completed the age of 18 years having any ID and address proof can be your witness. (Witness may be your friend/family member or any of your known persons).


Here in this article, we have concluded the details needed for the court marriage procedure in India. Hope this article will be useful for people to know about the process needed for court marriage. To get more information contact Legal Air.

Court Marriage Process (FAQ)

The documents required for court marriage may vary from state to state. But generally, you will need to submit the following documents to do a court marriage:

  • Proof of age (birth certificate, passport, etc.)
  • Identity proof (voter ID card, PAN card, driving license, etc.)
  • Address proof (passport, voter ID card, Aadhaar card, etc.)
  • Passport-sized photographs
  • Divorce decree/order (if applicable)
  • Death certificate of spouse (if applicable)

Yes, it is necessary to have three witnesses for court marriage. The witnesses should be adults and have their identity and address proofs.

The duration of the court marriage process may vary depending on the state to state. In some cases, it can be completed in a few days. While in other cases, it may take several weeks or even months. It takes at least 15 to 30 days for marriages under the Hindu marriage act to be registered normally.

Under the Special Marriage Act, the couple needs to give a notice of 30 days to the Marriage Registrar before the actual date of marriage. During this time, objections may be raised, and an inquiry may be conducted. If no objections are raised, the marriage can be registered after 30 days.

One of the main reasons is court marriage offers legal security. By doing a court marriage, you will get all the legal rights and responsibilities of a married couple. In court marriage, the law will take care of everything.

Any Indian citizen or foreign national residing in India can get married under the Special Marriage Act. The couple must be of legal age (21 years for males and 18 years for females) and not already married to someone else.

If a couple has gone through a court marriage and has successfully registered their marriage, then they are legally recognized as married and can choose to live together as a married couple

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